|Functional Assessment of Behavior & Positive Behav|
|3p,1s,MLA - Gartin, Barbara C. & Murdick, Nikki L. "A New IDEA Mandate: The Use of Functional Assessment of Behavior and Positive Behavior Supports." Remedial and Special Education. Vol. 6, no.22. Nov/Dec. 2001, 344-349.|
This paper summarizes the articles overview of the functional assessment of behavior (FAB) and positive behavior supports (PBS) which have been implemented as part of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 1990 to promote positive behavior in children with special need as part of their education.
|Students Remember What They Think About|
|2.5p,1s,APA -Willingham, DT. (2003). Students remember. . . what they think about. American Federation of Teachers, 37-41.|
This paper critically appraises Willingham's arguments that students do not always understand how facts relate together and that their ability to remember the lesson is reduced when they lack deeper meanings of the ideas used to support a conclusion. It also analyzes his explanation of how cognitive science can help us understand how students remember information presented to them in a lesson.
|Reading Intervention as Inoculation or Insulin|
|2p,1s,APA - Coyne, MD, Kame’enui, EJ, Simmons, DC & Harn, B.A. (2004). Beginning reading intervention as inoculation or insulin: First-grade reading performance of strong responders to kindergarten intervention. Journal of Learning 37(2), 90-105. |
This paper summarizes the authors' study to determine whether kindergarten intervention could prevent first-grade reading difficulties.
|Strategies in Assessing Special Education Needs|
|3p,1S,APA - Dykeman, B.F. (2006). Alternative strategies in assessing special education needs. Education (127)2, 265-273.|
This paper provides a brief summary of Dykeman's discussion on the extent to which response-to-intervention (RTI) can be used as a pre-referral intervention strategy before decisions about special education eligibility are made, as well as a personal response and critique.
|Helping Students Become Mathematically Powerful|
|4p,1s,APA - Ittigson, R. (2002). Helping students become mathematically powerful. Teaching Children Mathematics (9)2, p.91. Retrieved from <http://proquest.umi/pqdlink?did=209591151&Fmt=3&clientld=9216&RQT=309&VName=PQD>, 1-5.|
This paper provides a brief summary on the article and react to the author's view that in order to help children become mathematically power, teachers should place more emphasis on problems that prompt rich discussions over questions that simply ask students to select and operation to solve a problem.
|Mathematics Specialists & Instruction in Elementar|
|5p,1s,APA - Reys, B.J. & Fennell, F. (2003). Who should lead mathematics instruction at the elementary school level? A case for mathematics specialists. Teaching Children Mathematics (9)5, 277.|
This paper provides a critical anaysis of the article. The current paper supports the authors' argument that because elementary teachers are unable to dedicate enough time to learning and teaching mathematics it is better to use mathematics specialists to better prepare students in mathematics and change the overall negative attitudes students have of mathematics.
|Achieving High Grades and Financial Security|
|4p,4s,APA - "Grades and Financial Security" |
This paper uses research to prove that there is an connection between grades, money and employment opportunities, and this is the main reason why many students today focus on achieving high grades.
|Education Inequality Leads to Economic Inequality|
3.25p,2s,MLA - "Education Inequality Leads to Economic Inequality"
This paper argues that since not everyone has the same opportunity or access to equal education in America today, it means that not everyone will be given a fair chance to achieve economic prosperity in workplace.
|Cognition Influences Reading Ability|
|8p,10s,APA - "Cognitive Ability Influences Reading Ability" |
This paper argues that because language is the means by which we think and express our thoughts, language clearly has a cognitive function which is implicit in our ability to read.
|Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) - Law & Politics In|
|7p,8s,APA - Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) - "The Relationship between Law and Politics in the Dred Scott Decision" |
This paper argues that justices’ effort in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) case, which largely aimed to separate politics from law, was futile, because in the end, the ruling ignited political action that further raised the issue it set out to settle and eventually led to the Civil War.
|Brown v. Board of Education - History and Impact|
|7.5p,9s,MLA - Brown v. Board of Education - "The Struggles for Equal Educational Opportunities of African Americans" |
This paper examines the case in light of the history of segregation in the U.S. and the impact of the case.
|A Case for Mathematics Specialists|
|4p,1s,APA - "A Case for Mathematics Specialists" |
This paper supports the view of Reys and Fennell (2003) in "Who Should Lead Mathematics Instruction at the Elementary School Level? A Case for Mathematics Specialists" that using mathematics specialists would better prepare students in mathematics and change the overall negative attitudes students have of mathematics because elementary teachers are unable to dedicate enough time to learning and teaching mathematics.
|Parental Involvement and Social Status|
4p,1s,APA - "How Intellectual and Economic Inequalities are Reproduced in the Parent-Teacher Interaction"
This paper argues that parental involvement in children's education is sharply influenced by mainstream values associated with the social elites and therefore affects the degree to which parents from different socioeconomic backgrounds participate in the schooling of their children.
|Educational Emphasis on Society|
|4p,3s,APA - "The Negative Consequences of the Education System's Emphasis on Society" |
This paper argues that the educational system's emphasis on the society results in a school system that promotes sexism, racism and the establishment of a curriculum that excudes the individual.
|Somebody Else's Kids - Learning Disabilities|
4p,1s,MLA - SOMEBODY ELSE'S KIDS - "Children with Mental Disabilities and Other Learning Deficits Are Not Hopeless"
This paper argues that Somebody Else's Kids by Torey Hayden is about the importance of love, tenderness and emotional support and how teachers can help children growing up in dysfunctional homes overcome their problems.
7.25,6s,APA - "Balancing the Principle of Academic Freedom with the Reality of the Politics of Higher Education"
This paper argues that in order to balance the principle of academic freedom with the reality of the politics of higher education, universities need to advocate a clear definition of academic freedom and its guiding principles and to promote a tenure system that is immune to outside politics, while at the same time having a tenure system that balances students right to learn with professor’s capacity to teach as their discipline dictates.
|Tapping into Gardner's Multiple Ingelligences|
|3p,4s,MLA -THE UNSCHOLLED MIND: HOW CHILDREN THINK & HOW SCHOOLS SHOULD TEACH (Howard Gardner)- "Tapping into the Multiple Intelligences of Students. |
This paper provides a brief overview of the major points in Gardner's The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think & How Schools Should Teach and then provides specific examples of how as a prospective teacher I would use this information to promote literacy.
|Why Public Schools Were Established|
7.5p,2s,MLA - "Why Public Schools Were Established"
The goal of this paper is to show that the public school system has not fully achieved its intended goals.
|Language Literacy in Bilingual Education|
|5p,1s,MLA - BILINGUAL EDUCATION : FROM COMPENSATORY TO QUALITY SCHOOLING - "Putting a Spin on the Bilingual Education Controversy" |
This paper argues that in Bilingual Education: From Compensatory to Quality Schooling, Brisk shows the importance of "nurturing linguistic diversity" in educational advancement, and provides educators with useful information about approaches and strategies for language learning in bilingual education.
|Academic and Employment Opportunity in the U.S.|
|5p,5s,APA - "On the Connection between Academic and Employment Opportunity" |
This pape argues that the public school is not fulfilling its purpose because there is academic inequality, which leads to economic inequality.
|American Values: Socialization in U.S.School Syste|
|2.5p,1s,APA - "Core Americna Values and How They are Transmitted by the School System" |
This paper argues that the U.S. school system is the perfect environment for socialization of cultural values, in which case it becomes a microcosm of the core values of this society.
|All-Girl School and Gender Inequality|
|2p,0s - PERSUASIVE ESSAY - "Funding an All-Girl School Undermines the Goal of Promoting Gender Equality" |
This paper argues that funding an all-girl school would highlight gender differences, create gender segregation and promote gender inequality.
|Reverse Gender Bias in Education and Failing Boys|
|10p,10s,APA - "Reverse Gender Bias in Education and Failing Boys" |
This paper argues that there is some indication that a kind of reverse gender bias may be taking place in the education system to the extent that boys are failing academically and are the ones in need of rescue, not girls.
|Storytelling Promotes Literacy in Early Education|
|9p,10s,APA - "Storytelling Promotes Literacy in Early Education" |
This paper argues that storytelling exercises in the classroom can facilitate memory, retrieval, vocabulary building and the understanding of sentence and story structure among children in fun and supportive setting.
|Public Policy in Higher Education|
|3p,4s,APA - "Public Policy in Higher Education" |
The goal of this paper is to show that because institutions of higher learning receive their source of funding primarily from tuition and states funding, dwindling in public funding requires colleges and universities to make up for the shortfall, hence increases in tuition costs.
|Public Policy in Higher Education|
|14.5p,11s,APA - "Public Policy in Higher Education" |
This paper explores the issue of rising tuition in public institutions of higher learning. The paper documents this rise over the last two decades, provides a detailed explanation for the causes of the tuition inflation and provides a discussion of efforts being made to fix the problem. There is also a discussion on ways states can adapt to current demographic changes in order to better meet the needs of public institutions of higher learning.
|Should Community Colleges Offer Baccalaureates|
|9.5p,13p,APA - "Should Community Colleges Offer Baccalaureates?" |
In this paper I will provide an overview of the trend toward providing baccalaureate degrees in community colleges, as well as various arguments in support of it and arguments against the practice in order to show that the community college baccalaureate plays an effective role in providing college students with greater access to higher educational opportunities.
|American Values and the School System|
|6p,8s,MLA - "Core American Values and How They are Transmitted by the School System: Visages of Education in a 'Global' Society" |
In this essay, I will show that the current school is responsible for cultural transmission and that, in its current form, it is inadequate to address the needs of people in an increasingly global society.
|Educational Attainment for Women in China and U.S.|
12.5,20s,APA - "A Comparative Analysis of Educational Attainment for Women in the U.S. and China"
The goal of this paper is to discuss the differences in educational attainment for women in China and America in order to show that women are capable of performing equally in the academic arena.
|Benefits of Calculators in the Classroom|
9p,20s,APA - "The Benefits of Using Calculators in the Classroom"
This paper argues that scientific calculators improve learning in the classroom by focusing on conceptual understanding.
|Greeks and Physical Education|
|3p,6s,APA - "Greeks and Physical Education" |
Using the the philosophical positions of Plato and Aristotle, this paper examines the contrasting views of the Greeks regarding the purpose of physical education.